The Social Security tax rate for employees and employers is 6.2 percent of employee salary in both 2021 and 2022, for a total of 12.4 percent. Those who are self-employed are responsible for the entire 12.4%.

The Federal Insurance Contributions Act refers to the combined taxes withheld for Social Security and Medicare (FICA). Social Security taxes are referred to as OASDI on your pay statement, while Medicare is referred to as Fed Med/EE. Social Security and Medicare are both government programs that offer payments to retirees, disabled persons, and the offspring of dead employees.

Tax rates on social security

Retirees and those who are unable to work due to illness or disability are eligible for Social Security payments. For persons who can no longer work, Social Security is often their only reliable source of income, especially those with low earnings histories.

Because Social Security is a government program, it is supported by a straightforward withholding tax that deducts a specified proportion of pretax income from each paycheck. Workers who have paid into the system for at least ten years are entitled to receive benefits depending on their earnings history when they retire or become disabled.

The highest amount of income subject to the OASDI tax in 2021 is $142,800, with an annual employee contribution ceiling of $8,853.60. The highest amount of income subject to the tax in 2022 is $147,000, with a maximum yearly employee contribution of $9,114.00. 3 Congress determines the amount, which might vary from year to year.

Calculating FICA Taxes: An Example

Before taxes and any retirement-plan withholding, an employee earning $165,240 per year receives semi-monthly paychecks of $6,885. Although Medicare tax is required on the total wage, the Social Security tax is only due on the first $147,000 in 2021. This barrier is attained after the 22nd paycheck because $147,000 divided by $6,885 is 21.3.

The total FICA tax withholding for the first 21 pay periods is therefore ($6,885 x 6.2 percent) + ($6,885 x 1.45 percent), or $526.70. The remaining three pay periods are only subject to the Medicare HI tax therefore the withholding is lowered to $6,885 x 1.45 percent, or $99.83. Each year, the employee pays a total of $8,964.27 to Social Security and $2,395.98 to Medicare. The company must contribute the same amount to both plans, even if it does not affect the employee's take-home income.

Self-employed people are regarded as both the employer and the employee for tax reasons, which means they are responsible for both contributions. A self-employed worker earning the same wage pays $17,928.54 to Social Security and $4,791.96 to Medicare in the case above. A Fica tax calculator can help you to calculate your Taxes

What Will Be Withheld from Social Security in 2022?

The OASDI tax rate, sometimes known as the Social Security tax, has been 6.2 percent since 1990. As a result, the Social Security withholding rate in 2022 will be 6.2 percent.

Is There a Tax on Social Security Income?

On receiving Social Security payments, not all taxpayers are obligated to pay federal income taxes. Individuals who earn a significant amount of money in addition to their Social Security payments are usually obligated to pay federal income taxes on their benefits. If you owe taxes on your Social Security benefits, you have two options: make quarterly estimated tax payments to the IRS or have federal taxes deducted from your benefits.

If your joint income is between $25,000 and $34,000, you may have to pay income tax on up to 50% of your benefits if you file your federal income taxes as a single person. If you earn more than $34,000 per year, up to 85% of your benefits may be taxed. All of your Social Security income is tax-free if your total income is less than $25,000 per year.